Colon cancer or colorectal cancer is a dangerous disease that ranks third in the ranking of oncological tumors in men and second in women.
It occurs with pathological change in the mucosal tissue, with degeneration of polyps. The main problem is that the diagnosis at an early stage is difficult due to the specificity of the location of the focus.
Bowel cancer develops for a long time without symptoms, so in many cases patients go to the doctor when the disease is already in a more advanced stage. Experts say that the disease can be prevented if you follow these simple recommendations:
Risk factor for colon cancer
With the accumulation of epithelial cells in the intestinal mucosa, polyps can form – small growths that are in the shape of a fungus. In most cases they are not dangerous to health. But under the influence of negative factors, they degenerate into a malignant tumor.
Oncologists identify several risk factors that can not be influenced:
– the patient is over 50 years old;
– chronic inflammatory processes in the intestines;
– genetic predisposition.
There are factors that can and should be controlled to prevent colon cancer:
1. Unhealthy diet with the use of large amounts of red meat.
2. Smoked meat and sausages.
3. Lack of fiber in the diet.
4. Stationary lifestyle.
6. Alcohol abuse.
Polyps grow slowly, so when a tumor is detected, doctors monitor the growth dynamics using annual screening and colonoscopy.
Diet for the prevention of colon cancer
The World Cancer Research Foundation, the American Society of Clinical Oncology, and other reputable research centers claim that eating red meat significantly increases the risk of cancer. During heat treatment, heterocyclic amines are formed in it, which are dangerous and carcinogenic. You can reduce your risk of cancer by reducing your red meat intake to 500 grams per week.
Nitrates are no less dangerous. Manufacturers add chemicals to sausages, such as preservatives, and then use dyes and sugars to enhance the flavor.